Modica clings to the rock face between two natural caves, and its position gives it a peculiar urban structure and a distinct upper and lower parts of the town. San Giorgio Cathedral and the Church of San Pietro are the main architectural contributions from the late-baroque era in Modica, which was once the ancient capital City of Modica County. The majestic façade of San Giorgio, whose central part develops into a belfry, is one of the original works by Rosario Gagliardi (who also designed the Ibla Cathedral) and it recalls some themes and styles which were popular in the Northern Europe at that time.
The deep bond between the late-baroque architecture and the particular shape of the Iblean landscape clearly appears in the sculptures of San Giorgio, and shines through the wide stone staircase of the Church of San Pietro and the stone statues of the twelve Apostles, which are examples of an inseparable union of Architecture and Nature.
The traces of the late-baroque era and its subsequent evolution are not only found in San Giorgio and San Pietro, Modica has it's own treasures and you can discover them with a meandering stroll through its colourful natural stonework that line the streets. Take an interesting journey into the past, looking for signs of life before the earthquake; visit the Annunciazione (1528-1530) by Gagini, kept in the Church of Carmine; adventure through the little alleys of via Grimaldi where inside a cave, you can find San Nicolo’ Inferiore, a church from the 12th century, with late-Bizantine paintings and Norman paintings from the 12th and 14th century.