Campania is an old region full of beauty, and it boasts 10 different elements included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Intangible Cultural Heritage lists.
This region has been inhabited since ancient times and it saw the influence of different cultures. Just think about the city of Napoli, which has had a huge relevance throughout the centuries.
In this article, you will find a list of things that have been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage in Campania.
The historical center of Napoli
The historical center of Napoli, its oldest part, has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1995. In fact, the city has been an important center during the history, since its foundation as a colony in Magna Graecia. It was an important city in the Mediterranean Sea during the Middle Ages and an important Enlightenment center during the 18th century.
This history is noticeable by walking for the streets of the historical center, where palaces and evidences are preserved. Among Greek and Roman ruins, Baroque palaces, and castles, Napoli is a city that has a lot to offer to its visitors.
The ruins of Pompeii and Ercolano
The ruins of Pompeii and Ercolano are the most important Roman archeological area in the world. They are both ancient towns that have remained intact thanks to the lava that covered them after the eruption of Vesuvius and volcanic ashes. They became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and they still preserve ancient streets, domus, homes and wall paintings, amphitheaters and thermae. Walking among those streets will let you understand the life during Roman times.
The Royal Palace of Caserta and the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
The Royal Palace of Caserta is the biggest royal residence in the world. It was commissioned by Charles III of Bourbon in order to rival Versailles. The Palace is a beautiful example of Baroque and Neoclassical architecture, with a huge historical and artistic importance. It is surrounded by a big garden, which is decorated with many sculptures representing Greek and Roman mythology.
Near the Royal Palace, there is also the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, which was built to bring water to the palace. It was inspired by Roman aqueducts and it's a beautiful example of architecture.
The San Leucio Complex
The San Leucio Complex was commissioned by Ferdinand IV of Bourbon, who wished to turn the already existing buildings into a silk production center. Around it, there are many homes, schools and hospitals, so it is considered as a model for an inclusive society based on work and sense of community.
The Amalfi Coast
The Amalfi Coast, with its famous landscape, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. In fact, the view is enriched with colorful houses, and squares that hide unique perfumes and flavors. Located on the opposite side of the bay of Naples, it is one of the most romantic places in the world.
Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Paestum
The Cilento National Park, Vallo di Diano, and Paestum are UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1998.
Cilento, the southmost part of Campania, was the borderline between Magna Graecia and the autoctone italic populations. For this reason, you can find important archaeological sites, such as Paestum, an old Greek city dating back to the 6th century BC.
Vallo di Diano is another important site in Southern Campania, and it consists of a huge area made of hills, valleys and beautiful landscapes.
Church of Santa Sofia in Benevento
In Benevento, you will find another UNESCO World Heritage Site: the Church of Santa Sofia. The Longobard prince Arechi II commissioned it during the VIII century, and it's one of the most beautiful examples of the first medieval period.
The art of Neapolitan "Pizzaiuoli"
Even though it is not a site, the art of Neapolitan pizza makers (pizzaiuoli in Neapolitan) has been recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. In fact, this art belongs to a very old tradition, whose knowledge and skills have been transmitted for generations.
The culinary practice consists of different phases, from the preparation of dough to the cooking in the wooden oven. Not only confirms this recognition of the status of pizza as the most famous and loved food in the world, but it also recognizes Neapolitan culture as the pillar of this practice. It is so considered an art, with its technique and study.
September 16th, 2021