Torino: the Italian capital of the Liberty style
From the artistic season known as
La belle époque, the Liberty style spread in the Piedmontese capital, deeply connoting the architectural style of the city. This style, deeply inspired by Art Nouveau
, has involved various artistic disciplines over time and, specifically, the urban architecture.
In Torino, the Liberty movement was greatly influenced by the Belgian and Parisian schools
and this contamination gave to the city a new and original allure.
Walking through the streets of the city center, it is easy to see the typical floral decorations, the detailed workmanship, the stained glass
etc. on the buildings. Each building has particularities that make it unique and elegant, in perfect Liberty style.
Liberty itinerary in the city
Among the most famous buildings, one of the most representative of this style is the iconic Villa Scott
(Corso Giovanni Lanza, 57), known to most as the main setting of the film Profondo Rosso, directed by Dario Argento. Designed by the engineer Pietro Fenoglio
, it is one of the most enchanting buildings of the period, thanks to the presence of the loggias, the typical arched windows (technically called bay windows), the stained glass windows and the classic floral decorations.
Another of the most important Libery buildings in the Savoy capital is undoubtedly Casa Lafleur
(Via Principi d'Acaja, 11), also designed by the engineer Fenoglio
and subsequently inhabited by the French businessman, Lafleur. The wrought-iron balconies, the important floral decorations that adorn the facade and the delightful polychrome windows make Lafleur one of the reference elements of the Liberty style in the city.
The Fountain of the Twelve Months
(Viale Matteo Maria Boiardo), created inside the Valentino Park, also perfectly represents this style. Designed by Carlo Ceppi
, it is considered the only remaining example of the architectural project carried out on the occasion of the National Exhibition of 1898 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Albertine Statute.
(Corso Francia, 6), in the San Donato district, is one of the numerous works by Pietro Fenoglio
. The palace is rather known by architecture lovers as it represents the perfect fusion between the influences of Belgian and French Liberty, clearly visible in the central bay window and the decorations that adorn the facades.
At the gates of Turin, in the municipality of Collegno, the Leumann Village
is still present. Built at the end of the nineteenth century by the Swiss businessman Napoleon Leumann
, it was destined for the workers of the nearby cotton mill owned by him. In this case, too, Pietro Fenoglio
took care of the design and employed his Liberty taste. To date, there is still the vintage railway station that connects the city of Turin and Rivoli, some historic buildings including an elementary school and the Church of Santa Elisabetta.
In the San Salvario area (Via Argentero, 4), it is possible to admire the famous Portone del Melograno
, access to one of the historic buildings in the neighborhood. Pomegranate trees made with a particularly wrought ironwork are decorated with abundant green leaves and fruit expertly colored in red
. The peacock-tailed frame in floral style that encloses the door decoration gives greater emphasis to the shades of the decoration and gives pomp and elegance.
In the city center, there is also Palazzo Bellia
(Via Pietro Micca, 4), among the first experimental buildings between the previous current and the Liberty style. Designed by Carlo Ceppi
and built between 1892 and 1898, Palazzo Bellia features numerous litho-cement decorations, bow-windows, arched windows and floral decorations. This building is also known for representing the late nineteenth-century style thanks to the presence of the portico below supported by anthropomorphic capitals and trilobed arches.
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